Two major trends driving the IoT
Internet connectivity has progressed from a network of desktop users to a network of things thanks to the unprecedented expansion of mobile connectivity, anywhere and anytime, and the availability of a myriad of connected, low-power sensors and devices. Tiny sensors, industrial machines, cars, buildings, animals and even human body parts are all part of the IoT.
However, making the IoT effective requires more than sensing and communication capabilities. Recent evolutions in artificial intelligence and machine learning are bringing a missing piece to the IoT puzzle, by providing useful and actionable information to manufacturers and users.
ISO/IEC JTC 1, the IEC and ISO Joint Technical Committee on information technology defines the IoT as: An infrastructure of interconnected objects, people, systems and information resources together with intelligent services to allow them to process information of the physical and the virtual world and react.
International standards can support the IoT marketplace
They do this in several ways, such as:
- Reducing fragmentation among numerous consortia, fora, local or regional initiatives, all with the same objectives but with different and often incompatible technologies, can help mitigate the risk of investing in technologies that may quickly be displaced by more open, widely accepted ones.
- Interoperability between devices and brands is not only an enabler for developing attractive product ecosystems for end users, but also a driver for manufacturers to scale up their product offerings thanks to more cost-effective sourcing of largely adopted, off-the-shelf technologies. Interoperability is fostered at various levels, from shared semantics frameworks, to common reference architectures, using a well-defined terminology that is understood by all market parties.
- Handling and making sense of data, developing robust IoT security mechanisms, and effectively addressing privacy issues, require the involvement of a wide set of stakeholders to develop adequate technical solutions that address societal concerns and respond to policy needs.
Find out more about IEC standardization activities for IoT and how this technology is evolving in e-tech article Driving the IoT through standardization