The Republic of Djibouti joined the IEC Affiliate Country Programme in March 2019, bringing to 86 the number of countries in the Programme. In total, there are now 172 countries in the IEC family.
Djibouti is located in the Horn of Africa, bordered by Eritrea in the north, Ethiopia in the west and south, and Somalia in the southeast. Its eastern border is formed by a 314 km coastline on the Gulf of Aden and the Red Sea. The country occupies an area of 23 200 km2 and its population is 884 017 (July 2018 estimate). Its capital and largest city is Djibouti.
Clean energy objective
According to the United Nations Statistics Yearbook, the country’s electricity production was estimated at 405 million kWh in 2016, while electricity consumption was 305 million kWh (estimate by the UN Statistics Division).
While still heavily relying on hydropower imported from neighbouring Ethiopia, Djibouti has set ambitious objectives to produce its own clean energy. Sun and wind are abundant in that part of Africa meaning that solar and wind power may be part of the mix, but the country is now focusing mainly on its subsoil assets and developing geothermal plants to reduce its dependence on energy imports. The first project, at Lake Assal in central western Djibouti, consists of drilling four exploration wells for a new geothermal power plant that should be operational in 2021 for a total capacity of 50 MW.
First steps in the IEC family
Though Djibouti does not yet have a national standards body (NSB), it was able to join the Affiliate Country Programme. Any organization that is entitled to identify and recommend international standards for national adoption in the field of electrotechnology can represent the country within the Programme.
The next step for Djibouti will be to bring together its stakeholders to establish a national electrotechnical committee (NEC)and start benefitting from what IEC can offer to support electrification programmes and ensure electrical safety for the population.
The main objectives of the Programme are to encourage developing countries to help them become more familiar with IEC work in standardization and conformity assessment, to facilitate the adoption of IEC International Standards as national standard and to acquire the expertise needed to contribute to international standardization work. To meet those goals, the IEC helps Affiliates establish the necessary infrastructure, namely the NEC, involving stakeholders from the public and private sectors.