During the XXX FIEE Smart Future exhibition and conference held in São Paulo, Brazil, Amaury Santos, head of the IEC Latin America Regional Centre (IEC-LARC), participated in the panel discussion on Energy Sustainability for Smart Cities.
This session examined issues such as urban mobility, clean energy and smart technology systems for smart cities. Santos, in his presentation, gave an overview of the activities in smart cities currently underway at the IEC. As he noted, “cities depend on electricity for everything. Without electricity there cannot be a smart city.”
The IEC has identified over 1800 standards that impact smart cities. These include energy, lighting, transport and city services.
The IEC has taken a systems approach to smart cities. By doing so, the IEC seeks to provide a holistic approach to addressing complex situations. The SyC Smart cities is active in coordinating the standards work of the various IEC committees as well as other groups such as ISO with the aim of promoting the development of standards to assist in the integration, interoperability and effectiveness of municipal systems. Ultimately, cities are systems of systems.
Data and technology are the foundations of a smart city. The Internet of Things (IoT) enables ongoing data collection and together with artificial intelligence makes possible the analysis of data in real-time. This helps formulate an overall picture of what is going on in a given area and further optimize outcomes. The Joint Technical Committee of IEC and ISO on information technology (ISO/IEC JTC 1) includes several subcommittees which prepare standards on artificial intelligence (ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 42), IoT (ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 41) and cloud computing (ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 38).
Data and technology open up great possibilities but they also increase potential privacy and security risks. Standards such as those in the ISO/IEC 27000 family, can help protect city data and people.
In his presentation, Santos demonstrated areas where IEC Standards have provide smart solutions such as in homes and offices, electricity grids, industry and renewable energy. He gave the example of smart lighting which can be adopted in cities and provide such features as lighting on demand, advertisement systems, digital traffic signaling and WiFi access. It is estimated that 6.8 million intelligent street lamps will be available by 2023.
While standards provide product safety and performance, conformity assessment ensures that products adhere to standards. The IEC administers four Conformity Assessment Systems that certify that components, equipment and systems.