As seen in many other industries, innovative technologies, such as artificial intelligence (AI) machine learning and algorithms, virtual and augmented reality (VR/ AR) are entering education systems.
Disruptive technologies change how we learn
Connectivity and the Internet of Things (IoT) have made virtual classrooms possible, almost anywhere, anytime, turning the traditional classroom of teacher and blackboard, teaching students with paper and pens on its head. Now people who live remotely can be taught by someone on the other side of the world, thanks to technology.
As students of all ages prepare for their future, the education industry needs to rethink its teaching systems. Additionally, aging populations will need lifelong training as their working environments are reshaped by technology.
Erlend Øverby leads IEC and ISO joint standardization work through ISO/IEC JTC 1/ SC 36 which covers IT for learning, education and training (ITLET) and talks about the impact of technology on teaching and how standards can help ensure key aspects such as interoperability of systems and devices used, as well as ensure data privacy.
Data privacy is paramount
As education uses increasing number of online programmes, applications and devices, students will create profiles and large amounts of personal data as they complete their work online. Additionally, there is an growing amount of video and photo content created in learning contexts.
“Having control of the data produced by students is increasingly important and the only way to achieve this is to use standards […] we need to keep data produced by children in schools safe and not used for other purposes than providing a better education”, says Øverby.
Another issue that arises from the use of diverse software systems and hardware, is the need for interoperability between the different technologies deployed by schools and learning institutions.
“[…] There is an increasing need for interoperability and the only way to ensure this is by applying standards. The schools need to see they are part of a bigger whole as the technology is being used, and all the way to governments and ministers of education to take care of the needs and desires of the schools using technology. Standards are the tool that enables this […]”, Øverby concludes.